Viruses 2009, 1(2), 185-209; doi:10.3390/v1020185
Review

HBV Life Cycle: Entry and Morphogenesis

1,2email and 1,* email
Received: 13 June 2009; in revised form: 31 July 2009 / Accepted: 13 August 2009 / Published: 1 September 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hepatitis Viruses)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major cause of liver disease. HBV primarily infects hepatocytes by a still poorly understood mechanism. After an endocytotic process, the nucleocapsids are released into the cytoplasm and the relaxed circular rcDNA genome is transported towards the nucleus where it is converted into covalently closed circular cccDNA. Replication of the viral genome occurs via an RNA pregenome (pgRNA) that binds to HBV polymerase (P). P initiates pgRNA encapsidation and reverse transcription inside the capsid. Matured, rcDNA containing nucleocapsids can re-deliver the RC-DNA to the nucleus, or be secreted via interaction with the envelope proteins as progeny virions.
Keywords: hepatitis B virus; entry; morphogenesis; liver disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schädler, S.; Hildt, E. HBV Life Cycle: Entry and Morphogenesis. Viruses 2009, 1, 185-209.

AMA Style

Schädler S, Hildt E. HBV Life Cycle: Entry and Morphogenesis. Viruses. 2009; 1(2):185-209.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schädler, Stephanie; Hildt, Eberhard. 2009. "HBV Life Cycle: Entry and Morphogenesis." Viruses 1, no. 2: 185-209.


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