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Materials 2015, 8(5), 2243-2257; doi:10.3390/ma8052243

Water Absorption Behavior of Hemp Hurds Composites

1
Department of Material Engineering/Institute of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, Vysokoskolska 4, Kosice 042 00, Slovakia
2
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technologies, Faculty of Wood Sciences and Technology, Technical University in Zvolen, T. G. Masaryka 2117/24, Zvolen 960 53, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daolun Chen
Received: 19 February 2015 / Revised: 14 April 2015 / Accepted: 16 April 2015 / Published: 28 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Composites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [389 KB, uploaded 28 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, water sorption behavior of 28 days hardened composites based on hemp hurds and inorganic binder was studied. Two kinds of absorption tests on dried cube specimens in deionized water bath at laboratory temperature were performed. Short-term (after one hour water immersion) and long-term (up to 180 days) water absorption tests were carried out to study their durability. Short-term water sorption behavior of original hemp hurds composites depends on mean particle length of hemp and on binder nature. The comparative study of long-term water sorption behavior of composites reinforced with original and chemically modified hemp hurds in three reagents confirmed that surface treatment of filler influences sorption process. Based on evaluation of sorption curves using a model for composites based on natural fibers, diffusion of water molecules in composite reinforced with original and chemically modified hemp hurds is anomalous in terms of the Fickian behavior. The most significant decrease in hydrophility of hemp hurds was found in case of hemp hurds modified by NaOH and it relates to change in the chemical composition of hemp hurds, especially to a decrease in average degree of cellulose polymerization as well as hemicellulose content. View Full-Text
Keywords: hemp hurds; chemical modification; composites; water absorption behavior; sorption kinetics hemp hurds; chemical modification; composites; water absorption behavior; sorption kinetics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Stevulova, N.; Cigasova, J.; Purcz, P.; Schwarzova, I.; Kacik, F.; Geffert, A. Water Absorption Behavior of Hemp Hurds Composites. Materials 2015, 8, 2243-2257.

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