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Materials 2014, 7(6), 4710-4722; doi:10.3390/ma7064710

Corrosion Prevention of Aluminum Nanoparticles by a Polyurethane Coating

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan
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Received: 28 January 2014 / Revised: 28 May 2014 / Accepted: 9 June 2014 / Published: 19 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Corrosion of Materials)
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Abstract

In order to prevent corrosion, aluminum nanoparticles were coated with a polyurethane polymer. The coverage of the polyurethane polymer was controlled from 0 to 100%, which changed the corrosion rate of the nanoparticles quantitatively. The surface of the polymer coating was investigated by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and the corrosion resistance of the nanoparticles was estimated by a wet/dry corrosion test on a Pt plate with a NaCl solution. From a TEM with EDAX analysis, the 10 mass% polymer coated Al particles in the synthesis were almost 100% covered on the surface by a polymer film of 10 nm thick. On the other hand, the 3 mass% polymer coated Al was almost 40% covered by a film. In the AFM, the potential around the Al particles had a relatively low value with the polymer coating, which indicated that the conductivity of the Al was isolated from the Pt plate by the polymer. Both the corrosion and H2 evolution reaction rates were quantitatively reduced by the mass% of polymer coating. In the case of the 10 mass% coated sample, there was no corrosion of Al nanoparticles. This fact suggested that the electrochemical reaction was suppressed by the polymer coating. Moreover, the reaction rate of Al nanoparticles was suppressed in proportion to the coverage percentage of the coating. Thus, to conclude, it was found that the corrosion rate of Al nanoparticles could be quantitatively suppressed by the coverage percentage of the polymer coating. View Full-Text
Keywords: corrosion; nanoparticle; aluminum; reaction; coating; polymer corrosion; nanoparticle; aluminum; reaction; coating; polymer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nishimura, T.; Raman, V. Corrosion Prevention of Aluminum Nanoparticles by a Polyurethane Coating. Materials 2014, 7, 4710-4722.

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