Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Transparent Conducting Oxides—An Up-To-Date Overview
University of Salzburg, Hellbrunner Str. 34, Salzburg A-5020, Austria
Received: 20 January 2012; in revised form: 9 March 2012 / Accepted: 28 March 2012 / Published: 19 April 2012
Abstract: Transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) are electrical conductive materials with comparably low absorption of electromagnetic waves within the visible region of the spectrum. They are usually prepared with thin film technologies and used in opto-electrical apparatus such as solar cells, displays, opto-electrical interfaces and circuitries. Here, based on a modern database-system, aspects of up-to-date material selections and applications for transparent conducting oxides are sketched, and references for detailed information are given. As n-type TCOs are of special importance for thin film solar cell production, indium-tin oxide (ITO) and the reasonably priced aluminum-doped zinc oxide (ZnO:Al), are discussed with view on preparation, characterization and special occurrences. For completion, the recently frequently mentioned typical p-type delafossite TCOs are described as well, providing a variety of references, as a detailed discussion is not reasonable within an overview publication.
Keywords: transparent conducting oxide; oxide; TCO; ITO; ZnO:Al; delafossite
Article StatisticsClick here to load and display the download statistics.
Notes: Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Stadler, A. Transparent Conducting Oxides—An Up-To-Date Overview. Materials 2012, 5, 661-683.
Stadler A. Transparent Conducting Oxides—An Up-To-Date Overview. Materials. 2012; 5(4):661-683.
Stadler, Andreas. 2012. "Transparent Conducting Oxides—An Up-To-Date Overview." Materials 5, no. 4: 661-683.