Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of Lithium-Ion Battery Equivalent Circuit Models for State of Charge Estimation by an Experimental Approach
Next Article in Special Issue
Impacts of Urban Transportation Mode Split on CO2 Emissions in Jinan, China
Previous Article in Journal
Application of the NOx Reaction Model for Development of Low-NOx Combustion Technology for Pulverized Coals by Using the Gas Phase Stoichiometric Ratio Index
Previous Article in Special Issue
Plug-in-Hybrid Vehicle Use, Energy Consumption, and Greenhouse Emissions: An Analysis of Household Vehicle Placements in Northern California
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2011, 4(4), 563-581; doi:10.3390/en4040563

Transport and Carbon Emissions in the United States: The Long View

Global Metropolitan Studies, University of California, Berkeley / 1950 Addison St., Suite 202, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley / 207 Giannini Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Precourt Energy Efficiency Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2011 / Revised: 23 February 2011 / Accepted: 16 March 2011 / Published: 24 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy-Friendly Transportation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [420 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]   |  


The following analysis traces U.S. transport CO2 emissions in combustion by mode for 1960–2008. Changes in emissions are divided into components related to overall population and economic growth, transport mode shift, changes in the ratio of fuel used to passenger or tonne-km of activity, and changes in the CO2 content of fuels. Where data permit we show how changes in vehicle utilization affected CO2 emissions. We comment on factors causing the changes in components of emissions. A Log-Mean Divisia Index and Laspeyres decompositions of the 1960–2008 changes are calculated. From this decomposition we speculate to what extent the factors associated with the increases in CO2 emissions since 1960 would be important in the future, and what other factors could reduce emissions. This thorough decomposition is imperative for the crafting of transport policy that aims to address climate change.
Keywords: U.S. transport; CO2 emissions; fuel intensity U.S. transport; CO2 emissions; fuel intensity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Schipper, L.; Saenger, C.; Sudardshan, A. Transport and Carbon Emissions in the United States: The Long View. Energies 2011, 4, 563-581.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top