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Energies 2010, 3(2), 216-240; doi:10.3390/en3020216

Gasification Processes Old and New: A Basic Review of the Major Technologies

NETL-US DOE, PO Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507, USA
Received: 8 January 2010 / Accepted: 3 February 2010 / Published: 23 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coal Gasification and Liquefaction)


This paper has been put together to provide a single source document that not only reviews the historical development of gasification but also compares the process to combustion. It also provides a short discussion on integrated gasification and combined cycle processes. The major focus of the paper is to describe the twelve major gasifiers being marketed today. Some of these are already fully developed while others are in various stages of development. The hydrodynamics and kinetics of each are reviewed along with the most likely gas composition from each of the technologies when using a variety of fuels under different conditions from air blown to oxygen blown and atmospheric pressure to several atmospheres.
Keywords: gasification; gasifier; IGCC; gas composition gasification; gasifier; IGCC; gas composition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Breault, R.W. Gasification Processes Old and New: A Basic Review of the Major Technologies. Energies 2010, 3, 216-240.

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