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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(7), 2520-2536; doi:10.3390/ijerph9072520
Article

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Data as a Tool to Monitor the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) Implementation: The Brazilian Case

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Received: 4 May 2012; in revised form: 6 July 2012 / Accepted: 12 July 2012 / Published: 23 July 2012
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Abstract: The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) was conducted in Brazil to provide data on tobacco use in order to monitor the WHO FCTC implementation in the country. It was carried out in 2008 using an international standardized methodology. The instrument included questions about tobacco use prevalence, cessation, secondhand smoke, knowledge, attitudes, media and advertising. Weighted analysis was used to obtain estimates. A total of 39,425 interviews were conducted. The prevalence of current tobacco use was 17.5%, (22.0%, men; 13.3%, women). The majority of users were smokers (17.2%) and their percentage was higher in rural areas (20.4%) than in urban areas (16.6%). About 20% of individuals reported having been exposed to tobacco smoke in public places. Over 70% of respondents said they had noticed anti-smoking information in several media and around 65% of smokers said they had considered quitting because of warning labels. About 30% of respondents had noticed cigarette advertising at selling points and 96% recognized tobacco use as a risk factor for serious diseases. Data in this report can be used as baseline for evaluation of new tobacco control approaches in Brazil, vis-à-vis WHO FCTC demand reduction measures.
Keywords: tobacco; smoking; epidemiology; health promotion; health policy tobacco; smoking; epidemiology; health promotion; health policy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Almeida, L.; Szklo, A.; Sampaio, M.; Souza, M.; Martins, L.F.; Szklo, M.; Malta, D.; Caixeta, R. Global Adult Tobacco Survey Data as a Tool to Monitor the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) Implementation: The Brazilian Case. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 2520-2536.

AMA Style

Almeida L, Szklo A, Sampaio M, Souza M, Martins LF, Szklo M, Malta D, Caixeta R. Global Adult Tobacco Survey Data as a Tool to Monitor the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) Implementation: The Brazilian Case. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(7):2520-2536.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almeida, Liz; Szklo, André; Sampaio, Mariana; Souza, Mirian; Martins, Luís Felipe; Szklo, Moysés; Malta, Deborah; Caixeta, Roberta. 2012. "Global Adult Tobacco Survey Data as a Tool to Monitor the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) Implementation: The Brazilian Case." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 7: 2520-2536.


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