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Smokefree Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: Making Progress
Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
InterAmerican Heart Foundation Argentina, Buenos Aires 1425, Argentina
Heart Foundation of Jamaica, Kingston 5, Jamaica
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Medicine (Cardiology), University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 March 2012; in revised form: 17 April 2012 / Accepted: 19 April 2012 / Published: 21 May 2012
Abstract: We reviewed the adoption and implementation of smokefree policies in all Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) countries. Significant progress has been achieved among LAC countries since the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was adopted in 2005. Both national and sub-national legislation have provided effective mechanisms to increase the fraction of the population protected from secondhand tobacco smoke. Civil society has actively promoted these policies and played a main role in enacting them and monitoring their enforcement. The tobacco industry, while continuing to oppose the approval and regulation of the laws at legislative and executive levels, has gone a step further by litigating against them in the Courts. As in the US and elsewhere, this litigation has failed to stop the legislation.
Keywords: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control; secondhand tobacco smoke; public policy; smokefree evaluation; tobacco industry interference; tobacco control legislation
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sebrié, E.M.; Schoj, V.; Travers, M.J.; McGaw, B.; Glantz, S.A. Smokefree Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: Making Progress. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 1954-1970.
Sebrié EM, Schoj V, Travers MJ, McGaw B, Glantz SA. Smokefree Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: Making Progress. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(5):1954-1970.
Sebrié, Ernesto M.; Schoj, Verónica; Travers, Mark J.; McGaw, Barbara; Glantz, Stanton A. 2012. "Smokefree Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: Making Progress." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 5: 1954-1970.