Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(9), 3514-3527; doi:10.3390/ijerph8093514
Article

The Correlation between Thermal and Noxious Gas Environments, Pig Productivity and Behavioral Responses of Growing Pigs

1 Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-921, Korea 2 Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, New York, NY 14853, USA 3 Department of Animal Biotechnology, National Livestock Research Institute, Suwon, 441-706, South Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 July 2011; Accepted: 9 August 2011 / Published: 25 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological and Agricultural Engineering)
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Abstract: Correlations between environmental parameters (thermal range and noxious gas levels) and the status (productivity, physiological, and behavioral) of growing pigs were examined for the benefit of pig welfare and precision farming. The livestock experiment was conducted at a Seoul National University station in South Korea. Many variations were applied and the physiological and behavioral responses of the growing pigs were closely observed. Thermal and gas environment parameters were different during the summer and winter seasons, and the environments in the treatments were controlled in different manners. In the end, this study finds that factors such as Average Daily Gain (ADG), Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH), stress, posture, and eating habits were all affected by the controlled environmental parameters and that appropriate control of the foregoing could contribute to the improvement of precision farming and pig welfare.
Keywords: growing pigs; thermal environment; noxious gas; average daily gain; feed efficiency; behavioral responses

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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, H.L.; Han, S.H.; Albright, L.D.; Chang, W.K. The Correlation between Thermal and Noxious Gas Environments, Pig Productivity and Behavioral Responses of Growing Pigs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3514-3527.

AMA Style

Choi HL, Han SH, Albright LD, Chang WK. The Correlation between Thermal and Noxious Gas Environments, Pig Productivity and Behavioral Responses of Growing Pigs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(9):3514-3527.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Hong Lim; Han, Sang Hwa; Albright, Louis D.; Chang, Won Kyung. 2011. "The Correlation between Thermal and Noxious Gas Environments, Pig Productivity and Behavioral Responses of Growing Pigs." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 9: 3514-3527.

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