Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(7), 3032-3062; doi:10.3390/ijerph8073032
Article

Global Scenarios of Air Pollutant Emissions from Road Transport through to 2050

Received: 9 May 2011; in revised form: 17 July 2011 / Accepted: 18 July 2011 / Published: 22 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Transportation)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper presents global scenarios of sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM) emissions from road transport through to 2050, taking into account the potential impacts of: (1) the timing of air pollutant emission regulation implementation in developing countries; (2) global CO2 mitigation policy implementation; and (3) vehicle cost assumptions, on study results. This is done by using a global energy system model treating the transport sector in detail. The major conclusions are the following. First, as long as non-developed countries adopt the same vehicle emission standards as in developed countries within a 30-year lag, global emissions of SO2, NOx, and PM from road vehicles decrease substantially over time. Second, light-duty vehicles and heavy-duty trucks make a large and increasing contribution to future global emissions of SO2, NOx, and PM from road vehicles. Third, the timing of air pollutant emission regulation implementation in developing countries has a large impact on future global emissions of SO2, NOx, and PM from road vehicles, whereas there is a possibility that global CO2 mitigation policy implementation has a comparatively small impact on them.
Keywords: air pollutants; road transport; global energy system model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Takeshita, T. Global Scenarios of Air Pollutant Emissions from Road Transport through to 2050. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3032-3062.

AMA Style

Takeshita T. Global Scenarios of Air Pollutant Emissions from Road Transport through to 2050. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(7):3032-3062.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Takeshita, Takayuki. 2011. "Global Scenarios of Air Pollutant Emissions from Road Transport through to 2050." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 7: 3032-3062.

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