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Environmentally Reformed Travel Habits During the 2006 Congestion Charge Trial in Stockholm—A Qualitative Study
Department of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Department of Sociology, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
Department of Cultural Sciences, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2011; in revised form: 18 July 2011 / Accepted: 25 July 2011 / Published: 2 August 2011
Abstract: Policy measures that reduce or replace road traffic can improve environmental conditions in most large cities. In Stockholm a congestion charge was introduced during a test period in 2006. This was a full-scale trial that proved to meet its targets by reducing traffic crossing the inner city segment during rush hours by 20%. Emissions of carbon dioxide and particles were also substantially reduced. This study, based on in-depth interviews with 40 inhabitants, analyses how and why new travel habits emerged. The results show that particular, sometimes unexpected, features of everyday life (habits, resources, opportunities, values, etc.) were crucial for adjustment of travel behaviour in relation to the policy instrument. One example was that those accustomed to mixing different modes of transport on a daily basis more easily adapted their travel in the targeted way. On a more general level, the results revealed that the policy measure could actually tip the scales for the individual towards trying out a new behaviour.
Keywords: everyday life; habits; sustainable travel; travel demand management; congestion charge; policy innovation; transportation
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Henriksson, G.; Hagman, O.; Andréasson, H. Environmentally Reformed Travel Habits During the 2006 Congestion Charge Trial in Stockholm—A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3202-3215.
Henriksson G, Hagman O, Andréasson H. Environmentally Reformed Travel Habits During the 2006 Congestion Charge Trial in Stockholm—A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(8):3202-3215.
Henriksson, Greger; Hagman, Olle; Andréasson, Håkan. 2011. "Environmentally Reformed Travel Habits During the 2006 Congestion Charge Trial in Stockholm—A Qualitative Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 8: 3202-3215.