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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(7), 2745-2788; doi:10.3390/ijerph7072745

Chelation in Metal Intoxication

Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Jhansi Road, Gwalior 474 002, India
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Received: 8 March 2010 / Revised: 22 April 2010 / Accepted: 27 May 2010 / Published: 28 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heavy Metals and Health)
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Abstract

Chelation therapy is the preferred medical treatment for reducing the toxic effects of metals. Chelating agents are capable of binding to toxic metal ions to form complex structures which are easily excreted from the body removing them from intracellular or extracellular spaces. 2,3-Dimercaprol has long been the mainstay of chelation therapy for lead or arsenic poisoning, however its serious side effects have led researchers to develop less toxic analogues. Hydrophilic chelators like meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid effectively promote renal metal excretion, but their ability to access intracellular metals is weak. Newer strategies to address these drawbacks like combination therapy (use of structurally different chelating agents) or co-administration of antioxidants have been reported recently. In this review we provide an update of the existing chelating agents and the various strategies available for the treatment of heavy metals and metalloid intoxications. View Full-Text
Keywords: chelating agents; combination therapy; oxidative stress; antioxidant; succimer; monoesters; heavy metals chelating agents; combination therapy; oxidative stress; antioxidant; succimer; monoesters; heavy metals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flora, S.J.; Pachauri, V. Chelation in Metal Intoxication. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2745-2788.

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