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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(6), 2726-2744; doi:10.3390/ijerph7062726
Review

Obesity Prevalence in Nepal: Public Health Challenges in a Low-Income Nation during an Alarming Worldwide Trend

1,2,†
, 1,3,†
 and 1,4,*
1 Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden 2 Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Duwakot, Bhaktapur, Nepal 3 Department of Ophthalmology, Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu, Nepal 4 Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden These authors contributed equally to the study.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2010 / Revised: 5 June 2010 / Accepted: 8 June 2010 / Published: 23 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity and Public Health)
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Abstract

The future toll of the obesity epidemic will likely hit hardest in low- and middle-income countries. Ongoing urbanization promotes risk factors including sedentary lifestyle and fat- and sugar-laden diets. Low-income countries like Nepal experience a double disease burden: infectious diseases as well as rising incidence of noncommunicable diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus) frequently characterized by obesity. Nepal currently directs efforts towards curing disease but pays little attention to preventive actions. This article highlights obesity prevalence in Nepal, delineates the challenges identified by our pilot study (including low health literacy rates), and suggests strategies to overcome this trend.
Keywords: obesity; Nepal; epidemic; diabetes; cardiovascular disease obesity; Nepal; epidemic; diabetes; cardiovascular disease
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Vaidya, A.; Shakya, S.; Krettek, A. Obesity Prevalence in Nepal: Public Health Challenges in a Low-Income Nation during an Alarming Worldwide Trend. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2726-2744.

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