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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(5), 2085-2100; doi:10.3390/ijerph7052085
Article

Risk Factors for Transmission of HIV in a Hospital Environment of Yaoundé, Cameroon

1,2,* , 1
,
1,2
,
2
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 and
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1 Faculty of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon 2 Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire, Yaoundé, Cameroon 3 Hôpital Central, Yaoundé, Cameroon 4 Université des Montagnes, Bangangté, Cameroon
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 January 2010 / Revised: 10 March 2010 / Accepted: 4 April 2010 / Published: 4 May 2010
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Abstract

Risk factors for HIV transmission within a hospital setting were assessed using pre-structured questionnaires and observations. Of 409 respondents, 66.3% corresponded to the nursing staff, 14.4% doctors and 8.3% laboratory staff. The irregular use of gloves and other protective clothing for risky tasks, and recapping of needles after use were some of the risk factors identified, especially amongst nurses. Preventive measures were not always implemented by health personnel. More emphasis should be placed not only on diffusing universal precautions and recommendations for hospital staff safety, but accompanying measures for monitoring and evaluation of implementation of these standards are also indispensable.
Keywords: HIV transmission; health personnel; safety measure HIV transmission; health personnel; safety measure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Mbanya, D.; Ateudjieu, J.; Tagny, C.T.; Moudourou, S.; Lobe, M.M.; Kaptue, L. Risk Factors for Transmission of HIV in a Hospital Environment of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2085-2100.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert