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Risk Factors for Transmission of HIV in a Hospital Environment of Yaoundé, Cameroon
Faculty of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon
Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Hôpital Central, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Université des Montagnes, Bangangté, Cameroon
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 January 2010; in revised form: 10 March 2010 / Accepted: 4 April 2010 / Published: 4 May 2010
Abstract: Risk factors for HIV transmission within a hospital setting were assessed using pre-structured questionnaires and observations. Of 409 respondents, 66.3% corresponded to the nursing staff, 14.4% doctors and 8.3% laboratory staff. The irregular use of gloves and other protective clothing for risky tasks, and recapping of needles after use were some of the risk factors identified, especially amongst nurses. Preventive measures were not always implemented by health personnel. More emphasis should be placed not only on diffusing universal precautions and recommendations for hospital staff safety, but accompanying measures for monitoring and evaluation of implementation of these standards are also indispensable.
Keywords: HIV transmission; health personnel; safety measure
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Mbanya, D.; Ateudjieu, J.; Tagny, C.T.; Moudourou, S.; Lobe, M.M.; Kaptue, L. Risk Factors for Transmission of HIV in a Hospital Environment of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2085-2100.
Mbanya D, Ateudjieu J, Tagny CT, Moudourou S, Lobe MM, Kaptue L. Risk Factors for Transmission of HIV in a Hospital Environment of Yaoundé, Cameroon. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(5):2085-2100.
Mbanya, Dora; Ateudjieu, Jerome; Tagny, Claude Tayou; Moudourou, Sylvie; Lobe, Marcel Monny; Kaptue, Lazare. 2010. "Risk Factors for Transmission of HIV in a Hospital Environment of Yaoundé, Cameroon." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 5: 2085-2100.