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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(4), 1744-1759; doi:10.3390/ijerph7041744
Article

Measurement of Ultrafine Particles and Other Air Pollutants Emitted by Cooking Activities

1
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 and 1,*
Received: 28 February 2010; in revised form: 3 April 2010 / Accepted: 14 April 2010 / Published: 16 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Air Pollution and Human Health)
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Abstract: Cooking emissions show a strong dependence on cooking styles and parameters. Measurements of the average ultrafine particle (UFP) concentration, PM2.5 and black carbon concentrations emitted by cooking activities ranged from 1.34 × 104 to 6.04 × 105 particles/cm3, 10.0 to 230.9 μg/m3 and 0.1 to 0.8 μg/m3, respectively. Lower UFP concentrations were observed during boiling, while higher levels were emitted during frying. The highest UFP concentrations were observed when using a gas stove at high temperature with the kitchen exhaust fan turned off. The observed UFP profiles were similar in the kitchen and in another room, with a lag of approximately 10 min.
Keywords: cooking emissions; cooking style; cooking parameters; spatial profile cooking emissions; cooking style; cooking parameters; spatial profile
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Q.; Gangupomu, R.H.; Ramirez, D.; Zhu, Y. Measurement of Ultrafine Particles and Other Air Pollutants Emitted by Cooking Activities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1744-1759.

AMA Style

Zhang Q, Gangupomu RH, Ramirez D, Zhu Y. Measurement of Ultrafine Particles and Other Air Pollutants Emitted by Cooking Activities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(4):1744-1759.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Qunfang; Gangupomu, Roja H.; Ramirez, David; Zhu, Yifang. 2010. "Measurement of Ultrafine Particles and Other Air Pollutants Emitted by Cooking Activities." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 4: 1744-1759.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert