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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(3), 1121-1138; doi:10.3390/ijerph7031121
Article

Food Patterns According to Sociodemographics, Physical Activity, Sleeping and Obesity in Portuguese Children

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1 Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Porto, Rua Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal 2 Research Centre on Physical Activity and Health, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa, 91, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal 3 Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Rua Prof. Hernâni Monteiro 4200-319 Porto, Portugal 4 Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto Medical School, Rua Prof. Hernâni Monteiro 4200-319 Porto, Portugal 5 Department of Psychology, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, Scotland, UK 6 Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Rua Prof. Hernâni Monteiro 4200-319 Porto, Portugal 7 Department of Immunoallergology, Hospital of São João, Rua Prof. Hernâni Monteiro 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2010 / Revised: 23 February 2010 / Accepted: 4 March 2010 / Published: 17 March 2010
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Abstract

Our study aimed to describe the association between food patterns and gender, parental education, physical activity, sleeping and obesity in 1976 children aged 5−10 years old. Dietary intake was measured by a semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire; body mass index was calculated and categorized according to the IOTF classification. Factor analysis and generalized linear models were applied to identify food patterns and their associations. TV viewing and male gender were significant positive predictors for fast-food, sugar sweetened beverages and pastry pattern, while a higher level of maternal education and longer sleeping duration were positively associated with a dietary patterns that included fruit and vegetables.
Keywords: food patterns; children; obesity; education; physical activity; sleeping food patterns; children; obesity; education; physical activity; sleeping
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Moreira, P.; Santos, S.; Padrão, P.; Cordeiro, T.; Bessa, M.; Valente, H.; Barros, R.; Teixeira, V.; Mitchell, V.; Lopes, C.; Moreira, A. Food Patterns According to Sociodemographics, Physical Activity, Sleeping and Obesity in Portuguese Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1121-1138.

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