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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(2), 635-650; doi:10.3390/ijerph7020635

When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus?

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G2W1 Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2009 / Accepted: 16 February 2010 / Published: 22 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Epidemiology)
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Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is often transmitted through sexual partnerships. However, many previous HPV transmission models ignore the existence of partnerships by implicitly assuming that each new sexual contact is made with a different person. Here, we develop a simplified pair model—based on the example of HPV—that explicitly includes sexual partnership formation and dissolution. We show that not including partnerships can potentially result in biased projections of HPV prevalence. However, if transmission rates are calibrated to match empirical pre-vaccine HPV prevalence, the projected prevalence under a vaccination program does not vary significantly, regardless of whether partnerships are included. View Full-Text
Keywords: HPV; sexual partnerships; sexually transmitted infection; cervical cancer; public health policy; pair model; transmission model; dynamic model; human papillomavirus; vaccine HPV; sexual partnerships; sexually transmitted infection; cervical cancer; public health policy; pair model; transmission model; dynamic model; human papillomavirus; vaccine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Muller, H.; Bauch, C. When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 635-650.

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