Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Knowledge Transfer and Exchange Processes for Environmental Health Issues in Canadian Aboriginal Communities
Previous Article in Journal
The Influence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Birth Outcomes in Jordan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Potential Risk Factors for Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma include Oral Contraceptives: Results of a Nested Case-Control Study
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(2), 635-650; doi:10.3390/ijerph7020635
Article

When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus?

 and *
Received: 15 December 2009; Accepted: 16 February 2010 / Published: 22 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Epidemiology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [603 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is often transmitted through sexual partnerships. However, many previous HPV transmission models ignore the existence of partnerships by implicitly assuming that each new sexual contact is made with a different person. Here, we develop a simplified pair model—based on the example of HPV—that explicitly includes sexual partnership formation and dissolution. We show that not including partnerships can potentially result in biased projections of HPV prevalence. However, if transmission rates are calibrated to match empirical pre-vaccine HPV prevalence, the projected prevalence under a vaccination program does not vary significantly, regardless of whether partnerships are included.
Keywords: HPV; sexual partnerships; sexually transmitted infection; cervical cancer; public health policy; pair model; transmission model; dynamic model; human papillomavirus; vaccine HPV; sexual partnerships; sexually transmitted infection; cervical cancer; public health policy; pair model; transmission model; dynamic model; human papillomavirus; vaccine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Muller, H.; Bauch, C. When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 635-650.

AMA Style

Muller H, Bauch C. When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(2):635-650.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muller, Heidi; Bauch, Chris. 2010. "When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 2: 635-650.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert