Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(2), 635-650; doi:10.3390/ijerph7020635
Article

When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus?

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G2W1 Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2009; Accepted: 16 February 2010 / Published: 22 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Epidemiology)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [603 KB, uploaded 23 February 2010 03:57 CET]
Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is often transmitted through sexual partnerships. However, many previous HPV transmission models ignore the existence of partnerships by implicitly assuming that each new sexual contact is made with a different person. Here, we develop a simplified pair model—based on the example of HPV—that explicitly includes sexual partnership formation and dissolution. We show that not including partnerships can potentially result in biased projections of HPV prevalence. However, if transmission rates are calibrated to match empirical pre-vaccine HPV prevalence, the projected prevalence under a vaccination program does not vary significantly, regardless of whether partnerships are included.
Keywords: HPV; sexual partnerships; sexually transmitted infection; cervical cancer; public health policy; pair model; transmission model; dynamic model; human papillomavirus; vaccine

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Muller, H.; Bauch, C. When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 635-650.

AMA Style

Muller H, Bauch C. When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(2):635-650.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muller, Heidi; Bauch, Chris. 2010. "When Do Sexual Partnerships Need to Be Accounted for in Transmission Models of Human Papillomavirus?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 2: 635-650.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert