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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(2), 616-634; doi:10.3390/ijerph7020616
Article

The Influence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Birth Outcomes in Jordan

1
, 2,*  and 3
1 School of Nursing, Jordan University of Science & Technology, P.O Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan 2 Department of Family and Community Health & Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, P.O. Box 980567, VA 23298-0567, USA 3 College of Nursing, Department of Public Health Science, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, P.O. Box 210038Cincinnati, OH 45221-0038, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2010 / Accepted: 12 February 2010 / Published: 22 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Abstract

This study investigates how secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure influences neonatal birth weight in Jordan, a country with high smoking prevalence. The findings revealed that as the average number of SHS exposure hours per week increased in the second trimester, the neonatal birth weight decreased while holding all covariates constant. Women who reported a higher average number of SHS exposure hours per week from work in the second trimester, home in the third trimester, and outside in the third trimester were at greater risk for having a low birth weight neonate than women who reported a lower average number of SHS exposure hours.
Keywords: Secondhand Smoke (SHS); environmental tobacco smoke; Jordan; birth outcomes; neonates weight Secondhand Smoke (SHS); environmental tobacco smoke; Jordan; birth outcomes; neonates weight
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abu-Baker, N.N.; Haddad, L.; Savage, C. The Influence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Birth Outcomes in Jordan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 616-634.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert