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The Influence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Birth Outcomes in Jordan
School of Nursing, Jordan University of Science & Technology, P.O Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan
Department of Family and Community Health & Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, P.O. Box 980567, VA 23298-0567, USA
College of Nursing, Department of Public Health Science, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, P.O. Box 210038Cincinnati, OH 45221-0038, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2010 / Accepted: 12 February 2010 / Published: 22 February 2010
Abstract: This study investigates how secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure influences neonatal birth weight in Jordan, a country with high smoking prevalence. The findings revealed that as the average number of SHS exposure hours per week increased in the second trimester, the neonatal birth weight decreased while holding all covariates constant. Women who reported a higher average number of SHS exposure hours per week from work in the second trimester, home in the third trimester, and outside in the third trimester were at greater risk for having a low birth weight neonate than women who reported a lower average number of SHS exposure hours.
Keywords: Secondhand Smoke (SHS); environmental tobacco smoke; Jordan; birth outcomes; neonates weight
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Abu-Baker, N.N.; Haddad, L.; Savage, C. The Influence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Birth Outcomes in Jordan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 616-634.
Abu-Baker NN, Haddad L, Savage C. The Influence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Birth Outcomes in Jordan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(2):616-634.
Abu-Baker, Nesrin N.; Haddad, Linda; Savage, Christine. 2010. "The Influence of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Birth Outcomes in Jordan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 2: 616-634.