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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(8), 2179-2192; doi:10.3390/ijerph6082179
Article

Avoidable Portion of Tobacco-Attributable Acute Care Hospital Days and Its Cost Due to Implementation of Different Intervention Strategies in Canada

1, 2, 3,* , 1
 and 1, 2, 4
Received: 11 July 2009; Accepted: 30 July 2009 / Published: 6 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking and Tobacco Control)
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Abstract: The impact of four effective population-based interventions, focusing on individual behavioural change and aimed at reducing tobacco-attributable morbidity, was assessed by modeling with respect to effects on reducing prevalence rates of cigarette smoking, population-attributable fractions, reductions of disease-specific morbidity and its cost for Canada. Results revealed that an implementation of a combination of four tobacco policy interventions would result in a savings of 33,307 acute care hospital days, which translates to a cost savings of about $37 million per year in Canada. Assuming 40% coverage rate for all individually based interventions, the two most effective interventions, in terms of avoidable burden due to morbidity, would be nicotine replacement therapy and physicians’ advice, followed by individual behavioural counselling and increasing taxes by 10%. Although a sizable reduction in the number of hospital days and accumulated costs could be achieved, overall these interventions would reduce less than 3% of all tobacco-attributable costs in Canada.
Keywords: tobacco smoking; public health; health effects; lung cancer; cardiovascular disease; smoking cessation; tobacco taxation; tobacco consumption reduction tobacco smoking; public health; health effects; lung cancer; cardiovascular disease; smoking cessation; tobacco taxation; tobacco consumption reduction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Popova, S.; Patra, J.; Rehm, J. Avoidable Portion of Tobacco-Attributable Acute Care Hospital Days and Its Cost Due to Implementation of Different Intervention Strategies in Canada. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2179-2192.

AMA Style

Popova S, Patra J, Rehm J. Avoidable Portion of Tobacco-Attributable Acute Care Hospital Days and Its Cost Due to Implementation of Different Intervention Strategies in Canada. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(8):2179-2192.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Popova, Svetlana; Patra, Jayadeep; Rehm, Jürgen. 2009. "Avoidable Portion of Tobacco-Attributable Acute Care Hospital Days and Its Cost Due to Implementation of Different Intervention Strategies in Canada." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 8: 2179-2192.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert