Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(8), 2248-2257; doi:10.3390/ijerph6082248
Article

Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students

Received: 27 July 2009; Accepted: 6 August 2009 / Published: 12 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Smoking and Public Health)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 ± 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence.
Keywords: smoking; emotional correlates; university students; Turkey; nonclinical
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MDPI and ACS Style

Celikel, F.C.; Celikel, S.; Erkorkmaz, U. Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2248-2257.

AMA Style

Celikel FC, Celikel S, Erkorkmaz U. Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(8):2248-2257.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Celikel, Feryal C.; Celikel, Serhat; Erkorkmaz, Unal. 2009. "Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 8: 2248-2257.

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