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Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students
Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat 60100, Turkey
Department of Chest Diseases, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat 60100, Turkey
Department of Biostatistics, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat 60100, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2009; in revised form: / Accepted: 6 August 2009 / Published: 12 August 2009
Abstract: The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 ± 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence.
Keywords: smoking; emotional correlates; university students; Turkey; nonclinical
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Celikel, F.C.; Celikel, S.; Erkorkmaz, U. Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2248-2257.
Celikel FC, Celikel S, Erkorkmaz U. Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(8):2248-2257.
Celikel, Feryal C.; Celikel, Serhat; Erkorkmaz, Unal. 2009. "Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 8: 2248-2257.