Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(3), 1215-1234; doi:10.3390/ijerph6031215
Article

Smoking Enhances Risk for New External Genital Warts in Men

1,* , 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 4, 5 and 6
Received: 26 November 2008; Accepted: 17 March 2009 / Published: 20 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Smoking and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [98 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Repeat episodes of HPV-related external genital warts reflect recurring or new infections. No study before has been sufficiently powered to delineate how tobacco use, prior history of EGWs and HIV infection affect the risk for new EGWs. Behavioral, laboratory and examination data for 2,835 Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study participants examined at 21,519 semi-annual visits were evaluated. Fourteen percent (391/2835) of men reported or were diagnosed with EGWs at 3% (675/21,519) of study visits. Multivariate analyses showed smoking, prior episodes of EGWs, HIV infection and CD4+ T-lymphocyte count among the infected, each differentially influenced the risk for new EGWs.
Keywords: Smoking/tobacco; Genital warts; Human papillomavirus (HPV); HIV; men who have sex with men (MSM); CD4+ T-lymphocyte count; longitudinal/cohort Smoking/tobacco; Genital warts; Human papillomavirus (HPV); HIV; men who have sex with men (MSM); CD4+ T-lymphocyte count; longitudinal/cohort
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Wiley, D.J.; Elashoff, D.; Masongsong, E.V.; Harper, D.M.; Gylys, K.H.; Silverberg, M.J.; Cook, R.L.; Johnson-Hill, L.M. Smoking Enhances Risk for New External Genital Warts in Men. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1215-1234.

AMA Style

Wiley DJ, Elashoff D, Masongsong EV, Harper DM, Gylys KH, Silverberg MJ, Cook RL, Johnson-Hill LM. Smoking Enhances Risk for New External Genital Warts in Men. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(3):1215-1234.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wiley, Dorothy J.; Elashoff, David; Masongsong, Emmanuel V.; Harper, Diane M.; Gylys, Karen H.; Silverberg, Michael J.; Cook, Robert L.; Johnson-Hill, Lisette M. 2009. "Smoking Enhances Risk for New External Genital Warts in Men." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 3: 1215-1234.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert