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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(2), 463-477; doi:10.3390/ijerph6020463
Article

Estimating Intervention Effects in a Complex Multi-Level Smoking Prevention Study

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Received: 9 December 2008; Accepted: 22 January 2009 / Published: 3 February 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Smoking and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [201 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: This paper illustrates how to estimate cumulative and non-cumulative treatment effects in a complex school-based smoking intervention study. The Instrumental Variable method is used to tackle non-compliance and measurement error for a range of treatment exposure measures (binary, ordinal and continuous) in the presence of clustering and drop-out. The results are compared to more routine analyses. The empirical findings from this study provide little encouragement for believing that poorly resourced school-based interventions can bring about substantial long-lasting reductions in smoking behaviour but that novel components such as a computer game might have some short-term effect.
Keywords: Instrumental variables; multi-level intervention study; non-compliance; treatment effect Instrumental variables; multi-level intervention study; non-compliance; treatment effect
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Falcaro, M.; Povey, A.C.; Fielder, A.; Nahit, E.; Pickles, A. Estimating Intervention Effects in a Complex Multi-Level Smoking Prevention Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 463-477.

AMA Style

Falcaro M, Povey AC, Fielder A, Nahit E, Pickles A. Estimating Intervention Effects in a Complex Multi-Level Smoking Prevention Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(2):463-477.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Falcaro, Milena; Povey, Andrew C.; Fielder, Anne; Nahit, Elizabeth; Pickles, Andrew. 2009. "Estimating Intervention Effects in a Complex Multi-Level Smoking Prevention Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 2: 463-477.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert