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Chronic Traffic-Induced PM Exposure and Self-Reported Respiratory and Cardiovascular Health in the RHINE Tartu Cohort
Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, Tartu, 50411, Estonia
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, SE-901 87, Sweden
Lung Clinic, Tartu University Hospital, Riia 167, Tartu, 51014, Estonia
Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Riia 142, Tartu, 51014, Estonia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2009 / Accepted: 29 October 2009 / Published: 30 October 2009
Abstract: The relationship between exposure to traffic induced particles, respiratory health and cardiac diseases was studied in the RHINE Tartu cohort. A postal questionnaire with commonly used questions regarding respiratory symptoms, cardiac disease, lifestyle issues such as smoking habits, indoor environment, occupation, early life exposure and sleep disorders was sent to 2,460 adults. The annual concentrations of local traffic induced particles were modelled with an atmospheric dispersion model with traffic flow data, and obtained PMexhaust concentrations in 40 × 40 m grids were linked with home addresses with GIS. The relationship between the level of exhaust particles outside home and self-reported health problems were analyzed using a multiple logistic regression model. We found a significant relation between fine exhaust particles and cardiac disease, OR = 1.64 (95% CI 1.12–2.43) for increase in PMexhaust corresponding to the fifth to the 95th percentile range. The associations also were positive but non-significant for hypertension OR = 1.42 (95% CI 0.94–2.13), shortness of breath OR = 1.27 (95% CI 0.84–1.94) and other respiratory symptoms.
Keywords: air pollution; particulate matter; traffic; respiratory diseases; cardiovascular diseases
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Orru, H.; Jõgi, R.; Kaasik, M.; Forsberg, B. Chronic Traffic-Induced PM Exposure and Self-Reported Respiratory and Cardiovascular Health in the RHINE Tartu Cohort. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2740-2751.
Orru H, Jõgi R, Kaasik M, Forsberg B. Chronic Traffic-Induced PM Exposure and Self-Reported Respiratory and Cardiovascular Health in the RHINE Tartu Cohort. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(11):2740-2751.
Orru, Hans; Jõgi, Rain; Kaasik, Marko; Forsberg, Bertil. 2009. "Chronic Traffic-Induced PM Exposure and Self-Reported Respiratory and Cardiovascular Health in the RHINE Tartu Cohort." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 11: 2740-2751.