Next Article in Journal
The Effects of Socioeconomic Vulnerability, Psychosocial Services, and Social Service Spending on Family Reunification: A Multilevel Longitudinal Analysis
Next Article in Special Issue
Developmental Assessments during Injury Research: Is Enrollment of Very Young Children in Crèches Associated with Better Scores?
Previous Article in Journal
The Impact of a City-Level Minimum-Wage Policy on Supermarket Food Prices in Seattle-King County
Previous Article in Special Issue
Epidemiology of Fall Injury in Rural Bangladesh
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 1032; doi:10.3390/ijerph14091032

The Burden of Suicide in Rural Bangladesh: Magnitude and Risk Factors

1
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
2
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MA 21205, USA
3
Center for Injury Prevention and Research, House # B-162, Road # 23, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2017 / Revised: 6 September 2017 / Accepted: 6 September 2017 / Published: 9 September 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [314 KB, uploaded 9 September 2017]

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to quantify the burden and risk factors of fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviors in rural Bangladesh. A census was carried out in seven sub-districts encompassing 1.16 million people. Face-to-face interviews were conducted at the household level. Descriptive analyses were done to quantify the burden and Poisson regression was run to determine on risk factors. The estimated rates of fatal and non-fatal suicide were 3.29 and 9.86 per 100,000 person years (PY) observed, respectively. The risk of suicide was significantly higher by 6.31 times among 15–17 and 4.04 times among 18–24 olds compared to 25–64 years old. Married adolescents were 22 times more likely to commit suicide compared to never-married people. Compared to Chandpur/Comilla district, the risk of suicide was significantly higher in Narshingdi. Students had significantly lower risk of non-fatal suicidal behavior compared to skilled laborers. The risk of non-fatal suicidal behavior was lower in Sherpur compared to Chandpur/Comilla. Among adolescents, unskilled laborers were 16 times more likely to attempt suicide than students. The common methods for fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviors were hanging and poisoning. Suicide is a major public health problem in Bangladesh that needs to be addressed with targeted interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide; attempted suicide; burden; risk factors; rural; Bangladesh; injury; violence suicide; attempted suicide; burden; risk factors; rural; Bangladesh; injury; violence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sharmin Salam, S.; Alonge, O.; Islam, M.I.; Hoque, D.M.E.; Wadhwaniya, S.; Ul Baset, M.K.; Mashreky, S.R.; El Arifeen, S. The Burden of Suicide in Rural Bangladesh: Magnitude and Risk Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1032.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top