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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 900; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080900

Epidemiology of Fall Injury in Rural Bangladesh

1
Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
Center for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), House B162, Road 23, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David C. Schwebel
Received: 6 June 2017 / Revised: 2 August 2017 / Accepted: 3 August 2017 / Published: 10 August 2017
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Abstract

Globally, falls are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths, with 80% occurring in low-and middle-income countries. The overall objective of this study is to describe the burden and risk factors of falls in rural Bangladesh. In 2013, a large household survey covering a population of 1,169,593 was conducted in seven rural sub-districts of Bangladesh to assess the burden of all injuries, including falls. The recall periods for non-fatal and fatal injuries were six and 12 months, respectively. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. The rates of non-fatal and fatal falls were 36.3 per 1000 and 5 per 100,000 population, respectively. The rates of both fatal and non-fatal falls were highest among the elderly. The risk of non-fatal falls was higher at extremes of age. Lower limb and waist injuries were frequent following a fall. Head injuries were frequent among infants (35%), while lower limb and waist injuries were frequent among the elderly (>65 years old). Injuries to all body parts (except the waist) were most frequent among men. More than half of all non-fatal falls occurred in a home environment. The injury patterns and risk factors of non-fatal falls differ by sociodemographic factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: injury; fall injury; Bangladesh; LMICs injury; fall injury; Bangladesh; LMICs
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Wadhwaniya, S.; Alonge, O.; Ul Baset, M.K.; Chowdhury, S.; Bhuiyan, A.-A.; Hyder, A.A. Epidemiology of Fall Injury in Rural Bangladesh. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 900.

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