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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 1015; doi:10.3390/ijerph14091015

Changes in Daily Steps and Body Mass Index and Waist to Height Ratio during Four Year Follow-Up in Adults: Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study

1
Faculty of Sport & Heath Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylän, Finland
2
Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine and Departments of Clinical Physiology and Internal Medicine, University of Turku and Turku University Central Hospital, 20500 Turku, Finland
3
Menzies Institute for Medical Research Hobart, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7000, Australia
4
Department of Pediatrics, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, 33100 Tampere, Finland
5
LIKES Research Centre for Physical Activity and Health, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2017 / Revised: 17 August 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 5 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Aims: Over the study years, there was a significant increase in body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) in middle aged Finnish adults. Methods: Data were obtained from 1033 Finnish adults from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study in 2007 and 2011. Cohort study participants wore an Omron Walking Style One (HJ-152R-E) pedometer for five days and were grouped into those who increased, maintained and decreased their steps between 2007 and 2011. Paired samples t-test was used to compare body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) change values between the change groups in study years. Results: Among study population BMI and WtHR increase between study years was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Only those, who increased their total steps for at least 2000 steps, maintained their BMI in the same level, while people who decreased or maintained their total steps in the same level, BMI and WtHR increased during four years follow-up. Conclusions: This data suggests that increasing steps in middle age is associated with maintaining BMI at the same level. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; pedometer; adults; follow-up; body mass index; waist-to-height ratio physical activity; pedometer; adults; follow-up; body mass index; waist-to-height ratio
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Salin, K.; Hirvensalo, M.; Magnussen, C.G.; Telama, R.; Hutri-Kähönen, N.; Viikari, J.; Raitakari, O.; Tammelin, T. Changes in Daily Steps and Body Mass Index and Waist to Height Ratio during Four Year Follow-Up in Adults: Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1015.

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