Next Article in Journal
Early Childhood Dental Caries, Mouth Pain, and Malnutrition in the Ecuadorian Amazon Region
Next Article in Special Issue
A Review of the Effects of Chronic Arsenic Exposure on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Drinking Water Disinfectant Byproducts Compliance Data as an Indirect Measure for Short-Term Exposure in Humans
Previous Article in Special Issue
A New Method for the Fast Analysis of Trihalomethanes in Tap and Recycled Waters Using Headspace Gas Chromatography with Micro-Electron Capture Detection
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(5), 546;

The Occurrence and Diversity of Waterborne Fungi in African Aquatic Systems: Their Impact on Water Quality and Human Health

Nanotechnology and Water Sustainability Research Unit, College of Science Engineering and Technology, University of South Africa, Roodepoort, 1710 Johannesburg, South Africa
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Warish Ahmed and David J. Beale
Received: 14 March 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1290 KB, uploaded 20 May 2017]   |  


Currently, there is a worldwide growing interest in the occurrence and diversity of fungi and their secondary metabolites in aquatic systems, especially concerning their role in water quality and human health. However, this concern is hampered by the scant information that is available in the literature about aquatic fungi and how they affect water quality. There are only few published reports that link certain species of aquatic fungi to human health. The common aquatic fungal species that have been reported so far in African aquatic systems belong to the hyphomycetes kingdom. This paper thus aims to survey the information about the occurrence and factors that control the distribution of different species of fungi in African aquatic systems, as well as their effect on water quality and the possible metabolic pathways that lead to the formation of toxic secondary metabolites that are responsible for the deterioration of water quality. This review will also investigate the analytical and bioanalytical procedures that have been reported for the identification of different species of waterborne fungi and their secondary metabolites. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic fungi; secondary metabolites; human health aquatic fungi; secondary metabolites; human health

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Magwaza, N.M.; Nxumalo, E.N.; Mamba, B.B.; Msagati, T.A.M. The Occurrence and Diversity of Waterborne Fungi in African Aquatic Systems: Their Impact on Water Quality and Human Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 546.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top