A Review of the Effects of Chronic Arsenic Exposure on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
AbstractExposure to arsenic has a number of known detrimental health effects but impact on pregnancy outcomes is not as widely recognized. This narrative review examines existing epidemiological evidence investigating the association between arsenic exposure via drinking water and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We reviewed published epidemiological studies from around the world on impact of chronic arsenic exposure on spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, post neonatal death, low birth weight and preterm baby. Plausible mechanisms of arsenic toxicity causing adverse pregnancy outcomes were also determined through literature review. There is convincing evidence to support the association between high inorganic arsenic exposure (>50 ppb) and spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and low birth weight. Limitations of certain studies include study design, small sample size, recall constraints and exposure assessment. There needs to be further research investigating the dose metered impact of arsenic exposure on pregnancy outcomes. Further research on impact of low–moderate arsenic concentration exposure on pregnancy outcomes will allow for appropriate public health policy recommendations. View Full-Text
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Milton, A.H.; Hussain, S.; Akter, S.; Rahman, M.; Mouly, T.A.; Mitchell, K. A Review of the Effects of Chronic Arsenic Exposure on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 556.
Milton AH, Hussain S, Akter S, Rahman M, Mouly TA, Mitchell K. A Review of the Effects of Chronic Arsenic Exposure on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(6):556.Chicago/Turabian Style
Milton, Abul H.; Hussain, Sumaira; Akter, Shahnaz; Rahman, Mijanur; Mouly, Tafzila A.; Mitchell, Kane. 2017. "A Review of the Effects of Chronic Arsenic Exposure on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 6: 556.
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