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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 331; doi:10.3390/ijerph14030331

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Commitment Offense, and Race/Ethnicity: Are the Effects Crime-, Race-, and Ethnicity-Specific?

1
Department of Sociology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
2
Department of Public Affairs, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO 80918, USA
3
Department of Criminal Justice, University of North Texas, 1155 Union Cir, Denton, TX 76203, USA
4
G4S Youth Services, LLC, Tampa, FL 33634, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 10 March 2017 / Accepted: 19 March 2017 / Published: 22 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Psychology and Crime)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [289 KB, uploaded 22 March 2017]

Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences are associated with an array of health, psychiatric, and behavioral problems including antisocial behavior. Criminologists have recently utilized adverse childhood experiences as an organizing research framework and shown that adverse childhood experiences are associated with delinquency, violence, and more chronic/severe criminal careers. However, much less is known about adverse childhood experiences vis-à-vis specific forms of crime and whether the effects vary across race and ethnicity. Using a sample of 2520 male confined juvenile delinquents, the current study used epidemiological tables of odds (both unadjusted and adjusted for onset, total adjudications, and total out of home placements) to evaluate the significance of the number of adverse childhood experiences on commitment for homicide, sexual assault, and serious persons/property offending. The effects of adverse childhood experiences vary considerably across racial and ethnic groups and across offense types. Adverse childhood experiences are strongly and positively associated with sexual offending, but negatively associated with homicide and serious person/property offending. Differential effects of adverse childhood experiences were also seen among African Americans, Hispanics, and whites. Suggestions for future research to clarify the mechanisms by which adverse childhood experiences manifest in specific forms of criminal behavior are offered. View Full-Text
Keywords: adverse childhood experiences; delinquency; crime; race; ethnicity; juvenile justice adverse childhood experiences; delinquency; crime; race; ethnicity; juvenile justice
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

DeLisi, M.; Alcala, J.; Kusow, A.; Hochstetler, A.; Heirigs, M.H.; Caudill, J.W.; Trulson, C.R.; Baglivio, M.T. Adverse Childhood Experiences, Commitment Offense, and Race/Ethnicity: Are the Effects Crime-, Race-, and Ethnicity-Specific? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 331.

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