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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1547; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121547

Does the Short-Term Effect of Air Pollution Influence the Incidence of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Different Patient Groups? Big Data Analysis in Taiwan

1
Innovation Center for Big Data and Digital Convergence, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
2
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Taipei Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, New Taipei City 242, Taiwan
4
Department of Information Management, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
5
Community Medicine Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
6
Department of Surgery, Keelung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Keelung City 201, Taiwan
7
Department of Information Management, Tunghai University, Taichung 407, Taiwan
8
Center of Quality and Patient Safety Management, Taipei Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, New Taipei City 242, Taiwan
9
Department of Business Administration, National Taipei University, Taipei 237, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 November 2017 / Revised: 5 December 2017 / Accepted: 8 December 2017 / Published: 10 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Hazards and Public Health: A Systems Approach)
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Abstract

Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) has a high mortality rate. Research has demonstrated that the occurrence of sICH is related to air pollution. This study used big data analysis to explore the impact of air pollution on the risk of sICH in patients of differing age and geographic location. 39,053 cases were included in this study; 14,041 in the Taipei region (Taipei City and New Taipei City), 5537 in Taoyuan City, 7654 in Taichung City, 4739 in Tainan City, and 7082 in Kaohsiung City. The results of correlation analysis indicated that there were two pollutants groups, the CO and NO2 group and the PM2.5 and PM10 group. Furthermore, variations in the correlations of sICH with air pollutants were identified in different age groups. The co-factors of the influence of air pollutants in the different age groups were explored using regression analysis. This study integrated Taiwan National Health Insurance data and air pollution data to explore the risk factors of sICH using big data analytics. We found that PM2.5 and PM10 are very important risk factors for sICH, and age is an important modulating factor that allows air pollutants to influence the incidence of sICH. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; big data; meteorological factors; spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage air pollution; big data; meteorological factors; spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage
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Chien, T.-Y.; Ting, H.-W.; Chan, C.-L.; Yang, N.-P.; Pan, R.-H.; Lai, K.R.; Hung, S.-I. Does the Short-Term Effect of Air Pollution Influence the Incidence of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Different Patient Groups? Big Data Analysis in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1547.

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