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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1537; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121537

A Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults and Children after Earthquakes

1
Department of Health Service, College of Health Service, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
2
Department of Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 August 2017 / Revised: 1 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Hazards and Public Health: A Systems Approach)
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Abstract

PTSD is considered the most common negative psychological reactions among survivors following an earthquake. The present study sought to find out the determinants of PTSD in earthquake survivors using a systematic meta-analysis. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycInfo) were used to search for observational studies about PTSD following earthquakes. The literature search, study selection, and data extraction were conducted independently by two authors. 52 articles were included in the study. Summary estimates, subgroup analysis, and publication bias tests were performed on the data. The prevalence of PTSD after earthquakes ranged from 4.10% to 67.07% in adults and from 2.50% to 60.00% in children. For adults, the significant predictors were being female, low education level or socio-economic status, prior trauma; being trapped, experiencing fear, injury, or bereavement during the disaster. For children, the significant predictors were being older age, high education level; being trapped, experiencing fear, injury, or bereavement, witnessing injury/death during the earthquakes. Our study provides implications for the understanding of risk factors for PTSD among earthquake survivors. Post-disaster mental health recovery programs that include early identification, on-going monitoring, and sustained psychosocial support are needed for earthquake survivors. View Full-Text
Keywords: PTSD; risk factors; children; adults; earthquakes PTSD; risk factors; children; adults; earthquakes
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Tang, B.; Deng, Q.; Glik, D.; Dong, J.; Zhang, L. A Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults and Children after Earthquakes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1537.

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