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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1548; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121548

Differences in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Cases between Urban and Rural Regions of Taiwan: Big Data Analytics of Government Open Data

1
Department of Information Management, Yuan Ze University, Tao-Yuan 320, Taiwan
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Taipei Hospital, New Taipei City 242, Taiwan
3
Innovation Center for Big Data and Digital Convergence, Yuan Ze University, Tao-Yuan 320, Taiwan
4
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Tao-Yuan 320, Taiwan
5
Department of Information Management, Tunghai University, Taichung 407, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 November 2017 / Revised: 1 December 2017 / Accepted: 6 December 2017 / Published: 10 December 2017
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Abstract

This study evaluated the differences in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) between rural and urban areas of Taiwan with big data analysis. We used big data analytics and visualization tools to examine government open data, which included the residents’ health medical administrative data, economic status, educational status, and relevant information. The study subjects included sICH patients of Taipei region (29,741 cases) and Eastern Taiwan (4565 cases). The incidence of sICH per 100,000 population per year in Eastern Taiwan (71.3 cases) was significantly higher than that of the Taipei region (42.3 cases). The mean coverage area per hospital in Eastern Taiwan (452.4 km2) was significantly larger than the Taipei region (24 km2). The residents educational level in the Taipei region was significantly higher than that in Eastern Taiwan. The mean hospital length of stay in the Taipei region (17.9 days) was significantly greater than that in Eastern Taiwan (16.3 days) (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in other medical profiles between two areas. Distance and educational barriers were two possible reasons for the higher incidence of sICH in the rural area of Eastern Taiwan. Further studies are necessary in order to understand these phenomena in greater depth. View Full-Text
Keywords: health care accessibility; medical expenditure health care accessibility; medical expenditure
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Ting, H.-W.; Chien, T.-Y.; Lai, K.R.; Pan, R.-H.; Wu, K.-H.; Chen, J.-M.; Chan, C.-L. Differences in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Cases between Urban and Rural Regions of Taiwan: Big Data Analytics of Government Open Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1548.

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