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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 866; doi:10.3390/ijerph13090866

The Effects of the Passage of Time from the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake on the Public’s Anxiety about a Variety of Hazards

1
Faculty of Psychology, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe-shi, Kyoto 610-0394, Japan
2
Graduate School of Psychology, Doshisha University Kyotanabe-shi, Kyoto 610-0394, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Denise Blake, David M. Johnston and Carol MacDonald
Received: 2 June 2016 / Revised: 17 August 2016 / Accepted: 26 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Evolving Relationship between Science and Disaster Risk Reduction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [297 KB, uploaded 31 August 2016]

Abstract

This research investigated whether the Japanese people’s anxiety about a variety of hazards, including earthquakes and nuclear accidents, has changed over time since the Tohoku Earthquake in 2011. Data from three nationwide surveys conducted in 2008, 2012, and 2015 were compared to see the change in societal levels of anxiety toward 51 types of hazards. The same two-phase stratified random sampling method was used to create the list of participants in each survey. The results showed that anxiety about earthquakes and nuclear accidents had increased for a time after the Tohoku Earthquake, and then decreased after a four-year time frame with no severe earthquakes and nuclear accidents. It was also revealed that the anxiety level for some hazards other than earthquakes and nuclear accidents had decreased at ten months after the Earthquake, and then remained unchanged after the four years. Therefore, ironically, a major disaster might decrease the public anxiety in general at least for several years. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Tohoku Earthquake; the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; anxiety about hazards; time passage the Tohoku Earthquake; the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; anxiety about hazards; time passage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakayachi, K.; Nagaya, K. The Effects of the Passage of Time from the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake on the Public’s Anxiety about a Variety of Hazards. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 866.

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