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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 864; doi:10.3390/ijerph13090864

National and State-Specific Attitudes toward Smoke-Free Parks among U.S. Adults

1
Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
2
DB Consulting Group, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
3
Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Laura L. Jones and Amanda Farley
Received: 11 June 2016 / Revised: 31 July 2016 / Accepted: 26 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exposure and Health Effects of Secondhand Smoke)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [304 KB, uploaded 31 August 2016]

Abstract

Outdoor places, such as parks, remain a source of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. We assessed attitudes toward smoke-free parks among U.S. adults. Data came from the 2009–2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey, a landline and cellular telephone survey of noninstitutionalized adults aged ≥18 in the 50 U.S. states and D.C. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used to assess the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of attitudes toward smoke-free parks, overall and by current tobacco use. Overall, 38.5% of adults reported favorable attitudes toward complete smoke-free parks; prevalence ranged from 29.2% in Kentucky to 48.2% in Maine. Prevalence of favorable attitudes toward smoke-free parks was higher among nonusers of tobacco (44.6%) and noncombustible-only users (30.0%) than any combustible users (21.3%). The adjusted odds of having a favorable attitude were higher among: women; Hispanics and Black non-Hispanics, American Indian and Alaska Native non-Hispanics, and other non-Hispanics; those with an unspecified sexual orientation; and those with children aged ≤17 in the household, relative to each characteristics respective referent group. Odds were lower among: any combustible tobacco and noncombustible-only tobacco users; adults aged 45–64; and those with some college or an undergraduate degree. Opportunities exist to educate the public about the benefits of smoke-free outdoor environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: parks; smoke-free; secondhand smoke; state; national; attitudes parks; smoke-free; secondhand smoke; state; national; attitudes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kruger, J.; Jama, A.; Kegler, M.; Marynak, K.; King, B. National and State-Specific Attitudes toward Smoke-Free Parks among U.S. Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 864.

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