Effects of in Utero Exposure to Dicyclohexyl Phthalate on Rat Fetal Leydig Cells
AbstractDicyclohexyl phthalate (DCHP) is one of the phthalate plasticizers. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of DCHP on fetal Leydig cell distribution and function as well as testis development. Female pregnant Sprague Dawley dams orally received vehicle (corn oil, control) or DCHP (10, 100, and 500 mg/kg/day) from gestational day (GD) 12 to GD 21. At GD 21.5, testicular testosterone production, fetal Leydig cell number and distribution, testicular gene and protein expression levels were examined. DCHP administration produced a dose-dependent increase of the incidence of multinucleated gonocytes at ≥100 mg/kg. DCHP dose-dependently increased abnormal fetal Leydig cell aggregation and decreased fetal Leydig cell size, cytoplasmic size, and nuclear size at ≥10 mg/kg. DCHP reduced the expression levels of steroidogenesis-related genes (including Star, Hsd3b1, and Hsd17b3) and testis-descent related gene Insl3 as well as protein levels of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (HSD3B1) and insulin-like 3 (INSL3) at ≥10 mg/kg. DCHP significantly inhibited testicular testosterone levels at ≥100 mg/kg. The results indicate that in utero exposure to DCHP affects the expression levels of fetal Leydig cell steroidogenic genes and results in the occurrence of multinucleated gonocytes and Leydig cell aggregation. View Full-Text
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Li, X.; Chen, X.; Hu, G.; Li, L.; Su, H.; Wang, Y.; Chen, D.; Zhu, Q.; Li, C.; Li, J.; Wang, M.; Lian, Q.; Ge, R.-S. Effects of in Utero Exposure to Dicyclohexyl Phthalate on Rat Fetal Leydig Cells. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 246.
Li X, Chen X, Hu G, Li L, Su H, Wang Y, Chen D, Zhu Q, Li C, Li J, Wang M, Lian Q, Ge R-S. Effects of in Utero Exposure to Dicyclohexyl Phthalate on Rat Fetal Leydig Cells. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(3):246.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Xiaoheng; Chen, Xiaomin; Hu, Guoxin; Li, Linxi; Su, Huina; Wang, Yiyan; Chen, Dongxin; Zhu, Qiqi; Li, Chao; Li, Junwei; Wang, Mingcang; Lian, Qingquan; Ge, Ren-Shan. 2016. "Effects of in Utero Exposure to Dicyclohexyl Phthalate on Rat Fetal Leydig Cells." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 3: 246.
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