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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(2), 244; doi:10.3390/ijerph13020244

Assessment of Burden of Malaria in Gwanda District, Zimbabwe, Using the Disability Adjusted Life Years

1
School of Nursing and Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard Campus, Durban 4001, South Africa
2
School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban 4000, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 20 November 2015 / Revised: 4 January 2016 / Accepted: 14 February 2016 / Published: 22 February 2016
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Abstract

Malaria is one of the highest contributors to morbidity and mortality in Zimbabwe. However, there is paucity of knowledge regarding disability adjusted life years (DALYs) as a measure of burden of malaria in affected communities. The DALYs metric was used to assess the burden of malaria in Gwanda District with the aim of contributing to a better understanding of the impact of disease on affected communities. Data was collected from health facility malaria registers and the District Health Information System (DHIS) to estimate DALYs at household and district levels respectively. The household DALYs included 130 malaria cases from 2013 to 2015 while the DALYs for the district included 719 confirmed malaria cases from 2011 to 2015. Households lost a total of 153.89 DALYs with the majority of the disease burden (65.55%) occurring in the most economically productive age group (15–45 years) with a mean loss of 1.18 DALYs per malaria case. At district level, 251.09 DALYs were lost due to malaria and the calculated average district DALY rate for 2011–2015 was 36.29 DALYs/100,000 persons per year. It is important to estimate malaria burden to assist policy makers in making informed decisions when channelling resources for control and prevention of the disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability adjusted life year; malaria; disease burden; Zimbabwe; Gwanda District disability adjusted life year; malaria; disease burden; Zimbabwe; Gwanda District
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gunda, R.; Chimbari, M.J.; Mukaratirwa, S. Assessment of Burden of Malaria in Gwanda District, Zimbabwe, Using the Disability Adjusted Life Years. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 244.

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