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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1263; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121263

Social Disparities in Exposure to Point-of-Sale Cigarette Marketing

1
College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984365 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
2
College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 801 N.E. 13th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Linda Bauld and Rosemary Hiscock
Received: 27 October 2016 / Revised: 15 December 2016 / Accepted: 15 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control and Priority Groups)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [273 KB, uploaded 21 December 2016]

Abstract

While most ecological studies have shown that higher levels of point-of-sale (POS) cigarette marketing are associated with larger proportions of residents from lower socioeconomic and minority backgrounds in neighborhoods, there are no studies that examine individual-level social disparities in exposure to POS cigarette marketing among smokers in the United States. Our aim was to examine these disparities in a Midwestern metropolitan area in the United States. We conducted a telephone survey to collect data on 999 smokers. Cigarette marketing was measured by asking respondents three questions about noticing advertisements, promotions, and displays of cigarettes within their respective neighborhoods. The questions were combined to create a summated scale. We estimated ordered logistic regression models to examine the association of sociodemographic variables with exposure to POS cigarette marketing. Adjusted results showed that having a lower income (p < 0.003) and belonging to a race/ethnicity other than “non-Hispanic White” (p = 0.011) were associated with higher levels of exposure to POS cigarette marketing. The results highlight social disparities in exposure to POS cigarette marketing in the United States, which can potentially be eliminated by banning all forms of cigarette marketing. View Full-Text
Keywords: point-of-sale cigarette marketing; social disparities; income; race/ethnicity point-of-sale cigarette marketing; social disparities; income; race/ethnicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Siahpush, M.; Farazi, P.A.; Kim, J.; Michaud, T.L.; Yoder, A.M.; Soliman, G.; Tibbits, M.K.; Nguyen, M.N.; Shaikh, R.A. Social Disparities in Exposure to Point-of-Sale Cigarette Marketing. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1263.

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