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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1264; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121264

The Relationship between Multiple Substance Use, Perceived Academic Achievements, and Selected Socio-Demographic Factors in a Polish Adolescent Sample

1
Department of Child and Adolescent Health, Institute of Mother and Child, 01-211 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Sexology, Counseling and Rehabilitation University of Zielona Góra, 65-729 Zielona Góra, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Steven Y. Sussman
Received: 14 October 2016 / Revised: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 14 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [656 KB, uploaded 21 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Predictors of high-risk patterns of substance use are often analysed in relation to demographic and school-related factors. The interaction between these factors and the additional impact of family wealth are still new areas of research. The aim of this study was to find determinants of the most common patterns of psychoactive substance use in mid-adolescence, compared to non-users. A sample of 1202 Polish students (46.1% boys, mean age of 15.6 years) was surveyed in 2013/2014. Four patterns of psychoactive substance use were defined using cluster analysis: non-users—71.9%, mainly tobacco and alcohol users—13.7%, high alcohol and cannabis users—7.2%, poly-users—7.2%. The final model contained the main effects of gender and age, and one three-way (perceived academic achievement × gender × family affluence) interaction. Girls with poor perception of school performance (as compared to girls with better achievements) were at significantly higher risk of being poly-users, in both less and more affluent families (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 5.55 and OR = 3.60, respectively). The impact of family affluence was revealed only in interaction with other factors. Patterns of substance use in mid-adolescence are strongly related to perceived academic achievements, and these interact with selected socio-demographic factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceived academic achievement; adolescence; multiple substance use; socioeconomic determinants; urban-rural differences perceived academic achievement; adolescence; multiple substance use; socioeconomic determinants; urban-rural differences
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mazur, J.; Tabak, I.; Dzielska, A.; Wąż, K.; Oblacińska, A. The Relationship between Multiple Substance Use, Perceived Academic Achievements, and Selected Socio-Demographic Factors in a Polish Adolescent Sample. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1264.

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