Evaluation of the Treatment Process of Landfill Leachate Using the Toxicity Assessment Method
AbstractLandfill leachate is composed of a complex composition with strong biological toxicity. The combined treatment process of coagulation and sedimentation, anaerobics, electrolysis, and aerobics was set up to treat landfill leachate. This paper explores the effect of different operational parameters of coagulation and sedimentation tanks and electrolytic cells, while investigating the combined process for the removal efficiency of physicochemical indices after processing the landfill leachate. Meanwhile, a battery of toxicity tests with Vibrio fischeri, zebrafish larvae, and embryos were conducted to evaluate acute toxicity and calculated the toxicity reduction efficiency after each treatment process. The combined treatment process resulted in a 100% removal efficiency of Cu, Cd and Zn, and a 93.50% and an 87.44% removal efficiency of Ni and Cr, respectively. The overall removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N), and total nitrogen (TN) were 93.57%, 97.46% and 73.60%, respectively. In addition, toxicity test results showed that the acute toxicity of landfill leachate had also been reduced significantly: toxicity units (TU) decreased from 84.75 to 12.00 for zebrafish larvae, from 82.64 to 10.55 for zebrafish embryos, and from 3.41 to 0.63 for Vibrio fischeri. The combined treatment process was proved to be an efficient treatment method to remove heavy metals, COD, NH4+-N, and acute bio-toxicity of landfill leachate. View Full-Text
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Qiu, A.; Cai, Q.; Zhao, Y.; Guo, Y.; Zhao, L. Evaluation of the Treatment Process of Landfill Leachate Using the Toxicity Assessment Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1262.
Qiu A, Cai Q, Zhao Y, Guo Y, Zhao L. Evaluation of the Treatment Process of Landfill Leachate Using the Toxicity Assessment Method. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(12):1262.Chicago/Turabian Style
Qiu, Aifeng; Cai, Qiang; Zhao, Yuan; Guo, Yingqing; Zhao, Liqian. 2016. "Evaluation of the Treatment Process of Landfill Leachate Using the Toxicity Assessment Method." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 12: 1262.
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