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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 5657-5684;

Triclosan: Current Status, Occurrence, Environmental Risks and Bioaccumulation Potential

INRS-ETE, Université du Québec, 490, Rue de la Couronne, Québec, QC G1K 9A9, Canada
Department of Mycology & Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi-221005, India
CONICET-IIMyC, National Council of Scientific and Technical Research, C1033AAJ Buenos Aires, Argentina
CO2 Solutions Inc., 2300, Rue Jean-Perrin, Québec, QC G2C 1T9, Canada
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, N104 SEC P.O. Box 886105, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 29 December 2014 / Revised: 18 May 2015 / Accepted: 18 May 2015 / Published: 22 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Contaminants in the Environment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2138 KB, uploaded 27 May 2015]   |  


Triclosan (TCS) is a multi-purpose antimicrobial agent used as a common ingredient in everyday household personal care and consumer products. The expanded use of TCS provides a number of pathways for the compound to enter the environment and it has been detected in sewage treatment plant effluents; surface; ground and drinking water. The physico-chemical properties indicate the bioaccumulation and persistence potential of TCS in the environment. Hence, there is an increasing concern about the presence of TCS in the environment and its potential negative effects on human and animal health. Nevertheless, scarce monitoring data could be one reason for not prioritizing TCS as emerging contaminant. Conventional water and wastewater treatment processes are unable to completely remove the TCS and even form toxic intermediates. Considering the worldwide application of personal care products containing TCS and inefficient removal and its toxic effects on aquatic organisms, the compound should be considered on the priority list of emerging contaminants and its utilization in all products should be regulated. View Full-Text
Keywords: degradation by-products; dioxins; emerging contaminants; personal care products; triclosan; toxicity degradation by-products; dioxins; emerging contaminants; personal care products; triclosan; toxicity

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Dhillon, G.S.; Kaur, S.; Pulicharla, R.; Brar, S.K.; Cledón, M.; Verma, M.; Surampalli, R.Y. Triclosan: Current Status, Occurrence, Environmental Risks and Bioaccumulation Potential. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 5657-5684.

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