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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 5284-5303; doi:10.3390/ijerph120505284

The Negative Affect Hypothesis of Noise Sensitivity

1
School of Public Health, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 0627, New Zealand
2
Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, PO Box 41, Helsinki FI-00014, Finland
3
School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
4
School of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
5
School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Lercher
Received: 28 February 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 18 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sound and Health related Quality of Life)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [750 KB, uploaded 18 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Some studies indicate that noise sensitivity is explained by negative affect, a dispositional tendency to negatively evaluate situations and the self. Individuals high in such traits may report a greater sensitivity to other sensory stimuli, such as smell, bright light and pain. However, research investigating the relationship between noise sensitivity and sensitivity to stimuli associated with other sensory modalities has not always supported the notion of a common underlying trait, such as negative affect, driving them. Additionally, other explanations of noise sensitivity based on cognitive processes have existed in the clinical literature for over 50 years. Here, we report on secondary analyses of pre-existing laboratory (n = 74) and epidemiological (n = 1005) data focusing on the relationship between noise sensitivity to and annoyance with a variety of olfactory-related stimuli. In the first study a correlational design examined the relationships between noise sensitivity, noise annoyance, and perceptual ratings of 16 odors. The second study sought differences between mean noise and air pollution annoyance scores across noise sensitivity categories. Results from both analyses failed to support the notion that, by itself, negative affectivity explains sensitivity to noise. View Full-Text
Keywords: noise sensitivity; negative affect; annoyance noise sensitivity; negative affect; annoyance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shepherd, D.; Heinonen-Guzejev, M.; Heikkilä, K.; Dirks, K.N.; Hautus, M.J.; Welch, D.; McBride, D. The Negative Affect Hypothesis of Noise Sensitivity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 5284-5303.

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