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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14541-14556; doi:10.3390/ijerph121114541

Particulate Matter Exposure in a Police Station Located near a Highway

1
National Environmental Health Research Center, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli 350, Taiwan
2
Department of Industrial and Information Management, College of Management, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
3
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
4
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
5
Department of Administration Police, College of Justice Administration, Central Police University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
6
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, College of Medicine and Life Science, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan 717, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Watterson
Received: 8 September 2015 / Revised: 3 November 2015 / Accepted: 6 November 2015 / Published: 13 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Safety and Related Impacts on Health and the Environment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2951 KB, uploaded 13 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

People living or working near roadways have experienced an increase in cardiovascular or respiratory diseases due to vehicle emissions. Very few studies have focused on the PM exposure of highway police officers, particularly for the number concentration and size distribution of ultrafine particles (UFP). This study evaluated exposure concentrations of particulate matter (PM) in the Sinying police station near a highway located in Tainan, Taiwan, under different traffic volumes, traffic types, and shift times. We focused on periods when the wind blew from the highway toward the police station and when the wind speed was greater than or equal to 0.5 m/s. PM2.5, UFP, and PM-PAHs concentrations in the police station and an upwind reference station were measured. Results indicate that PM2.5, UFP, and PM-PAHs concentrations in the police station can be on average 1.13, 2.17, and 5.81 times more than the upwind reference station concentrations, respectively. The highest exposure level for PM2.5 and UFP was observed during the 12:00 PM–4:00 PM shift while the highest PAHs concentration was found in the 4:00 AM–8:00 AM shift. Thus, special attention needs to be given to protect police officers from exposure to high PM concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: particulate matter; ultrafine particles; police station; highway particulate matter; ultrafine particles; police station; highway
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.-C.; Hsu, C.-K.; Wang, C.C.; Tsai, P.-J.; Wang, C.-Y.; Chen, M.-R.; Lin, M.-Y. Particulate Matter Exposure in a Police Station Located near a Highway. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 14541-14556.

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