Next Article in Journal
Response to Madans et al. Comments on Sabariego et al. Measuring Disability: Comparing the Impact of Two Data Collection Approaches on Disability Rates. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2015, 12, 10329–10351
Next Article in Special Issue
The Impact of Physical and Ergonomic Hazards on Poultry Abattoir Processing Workers: A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Using an External Exposome Framework to Examine Pregnancy-Related Morbidities and Mortalities: Implications for Health Disparities Research
Previous Article in Special Issue
Particulate Matter Exposure in a Police Station Located near a Highway
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 64; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010064

Study on Oxygen Supply Standard for Physical Health of Construction Personnel of High-Altitude Tunnels

1
Key Laboratory of Transportation Tunnel Engineering, Ministry of Education, Southwest Jiaotong University, 111 Erhuan Rd, 610031 Chengdu, China
2
College of Foreign Languages, Southwest Jiaotong University, 111 Erhuan Rd, 610031 Chengdu, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Watterson
Received: 15 September 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 16 December 2015 / Published: 22 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Safety and Related Impacts on Health and the Environment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [218 KB, uploaded 23 December 2015]

Abstract

The low atmospheric pressure and low oxygen content in high-altitude environment have great impacts on the functions of human body. Especially for the personnel engaged in complicated physical labor such as tunnel construction, high altitude can cause a series of adverse physiological reactions, which may result in multiple high-altitude diseases and even death in severe cases. Artificial oxygen supply is required to ensure health and safety of construction personnel in hypoxic environments. However, there are no provisions for oxygen supply standard for tunnel construction personnel in high-altitude areas in current tunnel construction specifications. As a result, this paper has theoretically studied the impacts of high-altitude environment on human bodies, analyzed the relationship between labor intensity and oxygen consumption in high-altitude areas and determined the critical oxygen-supply altitude values for tunnel construction based on two different standard evaluation systems, i.e., variation of air density and equivalent PIO2. In addition, it has finally determined the oxygen supply standard for construction personnel in high-altitude areas based on the relationship between construction labor intensity and oxygen consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-altitude; oxygen supply; construction labor intensity; oxygen consumption; air density; equivalent PIO2 high-altitude; oxygen supply; construction labor intensity; oxygen consumption; air density; equivalent PIO2
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, C.; Xu, J.; Wang, M.; Yan, T.; Yang, L.; Sun, Z. Study on Oxygen Supply Standard for Physical Health of Construction Personnel of High-Altitude Tunnels. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 64.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top