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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12988-12998; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012988

Changes in Active Commuting to School in Czech Adolescents in Different Types of Built Environment across a 10-Year Period

Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University, Olomouc 771 11, Czech Republic
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Caulfield
Received: 3 August 2015 / Revised: 23 September 2015 / Accepted: 13 October 2015 / Published: 16 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Impacts on Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [678 KB, uploaded 16 October 2015]

Abstract

Active commuting (AC) to school represents a great opportunity to incorporate walking or cycling into adolescents’ everyday routine. The objective of the study was to describe changes in AC in Czech adolescents across a 10-year period in different built environments. Data from the 2001 and 2011 Czech Census of Population and Housing were used to examine the mode of transportation taken to school in 6236 adolescents. Changes in AC over time were analyzed for low and high walkable areas separately in two Czech regional cities, Olomouc and Hradec Králové. Between 2001 and 2011, the proportion of adolescents actively commuting to school decreased by 47%, from an absolute rate of 49.1% to 26%. The proportion of active commuters fell in low walkable areas by 61% and in high walkable areas by 39%. The results indicated that adolescents in 2011 were 2.7 times less (OR = 0.365, p < 0.001) likely to actively commute than in 2001. The AC behavior in Czech adolescents has a negative tendency to replicate travel-to-school patterns in adolescents previously described in more developed countries. The findings might serve as a recommendation for municipal policy. View Full-Text
Keywords: walking; cycling; physical activity; GIS; youth; transportation; census walking; cycling; physical activity; GIS; youth; transportation; census
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dygrýn, J.; Mitáš, J.; Gába, A.; Rubín, L.; Frömel, K. Changes in Active Commuting to School in Czech Adolescents in Different Types of Built Environment across a 10-Year Period. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12988-12998.

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