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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12999-13015; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012999

Relationships between Sleep Behaviors and Unintentional Injury in Southern Chinese School-Aged Children: A Population-Based Study

1
Center for Injury Prevention Research, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China
2
Joint Shantou International Eye Center of Shantou University and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou 515041, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 10 July 2015 / Revised: 20 September 2015 / Accepted: 14 October 2015 / Published: 16 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [689 KB, uploaded 16 October 2015]

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between sleep behaviors and injury occurrence among Chinese school-aged children. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaires of a cross-sectional survey which covered the school-aged children from southeastern Chinese urban and rural areas in April 2010. Information was collected on unintentional injury in the past year, sleep duration, napping and daytime fatigue, sleeping pill use, and social-demographic variables. Multivariable logistic regression analyses, controlling for confounding factors, were conducted to assess sleep-related variables that were associated with injuries. Students who slept for less than 8 h had a 30% increased risk of injury (OR: 1.30; 95%CI: 1.01–1.69) compared with those who slept for 8–9 h. Lack of napping, snoring and use of sleeping pills were significantly associated with injury. Among different genders, the slight difference in sleep behaviors predicted the occurrence of injury. Rural children displayed more sleep behaviors associated with injury than urban children. The sleep behaviors of primary school students were more negatively correlated with injury occurrence than junior/senior high school children. Consideration should be given to the prevention of problematic sleep behaviors as a potential risk factor in order to decrease injury rates and promote the health of school-aged children. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep patterns; sleep quality; unintentional injuries; Chinese school-aged children sleep patterns; sleep quality; unintentional injuries; Chinese school-aged children
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tan, Y.; Ma, D.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, F.; Liu, X.; Li, L. Relationships between Sleep Behaviors and Unintentional Injury in Southern Chinese School-Aged Children: A Population-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12999-13015.

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