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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12556-12576; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012556

Isochrones as Indicators of the Influence of Traffic in Public Health: A Visual Simulation Application in Ávila, Spain

Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Paseo Artilleros s/n, 28032 Madrid, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Caulfield
Received: 29 July 2015 / Revised: 28 September 2015 / Accepted: 30 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Impacts on Public Health)
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Abstract

It is well known that excessive rescue times after traffic accidents negatively affect the health of those injured. There is a need to quantitatively measure the impact of unexpected events like ambulance availability, weather, floating population and congestion in those rescue times. A family of indicators based on isochrones is disguised and proposed to understand the risk of the whole population as the probability of not being assisted on time. Indicators of health risk for local towns are also defined. The indicators are calculated using a simulation model and visualized in web format. The framework of analysis is validated using Ávila (Spain) and the problem of the optimal deployment of ambulances as a test-bench. View Full-Text
Keywords: isochrones; golden hour; ambulance deployment; small towns isochrones; golden hour; ambulance deployment; small towns
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Otamendi, F.J.; García-Heredia, D. Isochrones as Indicators of the Influence of Traffic in Public Health: A Visual Simulation Application in Ávila, Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12556-12576.

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