Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease in Brazilian Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy
AbstractThe aim of the present study was determine the prevalence and factors associated with dental caries and periodontal disease in Brazilian children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 80 patients ranging in age from 2 to 18 years old. Oral exams were conducted by an examiner with records of DMFT, dmft, Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) and Community Periodontal Index (CPI). The statistical analysis used Poisson Regression with robust variance estimation (α = 0.05). The prevalence of dental caries was 59.3%, with DMFT and mean dmft of 1.71 ± 2.42 and 2.22 ± 3.23, respectively. The mean GBI was 22.44%, and in the CPI, the prevalence of gingival bleeding, calculus, shallow and deep pockets were 94.73%, 79.62%, 12.90% and 3.22%, respectively. The caregiver’s educational level of less than eight years were associated with the dental caries experience (PR = 1.439; 95%CI = 1.09–1.89). The periodontal alterations were associated with female sex (PR = 0.82; 95%CI = 0.69–0.97), caregiver’s educational level of less than eight years (PR = 1.15; 95%CI = 1.03–1.29), poor oral perception (PR = 0.89; 95%CI = 0.80–0.98), serious communication problem (PR = 0.87; 95%CI = 0.76–0.99) and athetoid type of CP (PR = 0.85; 95%CI = 0.75–0.97). The patients with CP presented high dental caries experience and periodontal alterations, which were associated with their demographic, socioeconomic, oral health perception and systemic information. View Full-Text
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Cardoso, A.M.R.; Gomes, L.N.; Silva, C.R.D.; Soares, R.S.C.; de Abreu, M.H.N.G.; Padilha, W.W.N.; Cavalcanti, A.L. Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease in Brazilian Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 335-353.
Cardoso AMR, Gomes LN, Silva CRD, Soares RSC, de Abreu MHNG, Padilha WWN, Cavalcanti AL. Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease in Brazilian Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(1):335-353.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cardoso, Andreia M.R.; Gomes, Lays N.; Silva, Clara R.D.; Soares, Renata S.C.; de Abreu, Mauro H.N.G.; Padilha, Wilton W.N.; Cavalcanti, Alessandro L. 2015. "Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease in Brazilian Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 1: 335-353.