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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 322-334; doi:10.3390/ijerph120100322

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Residues in Serum Samples of Autopsied Individuals from Tennessee

1
Department of Biochemistry & Cancer Biology, Meharry Medical College, 1005 D.B. Todd Blvd., Nashville, TN 37208, USA
2
Department of Neuroscience & Pharmacology, Meharry Medical College, 1005 D.B. Todd Blvd., Nashville, TN 37208, USA
3
King Magnet High School, 613 17th Ave North, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
4
Department of Professional & Medical Education, Meharry Medical College, 1005 D.B. Todd Blvd., Nashville, TN 37208, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 17 October 2014 / Accepted: 19 December 2014 / Published: 25 December 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2613 KB, uploaded 25 December 2014]   |  

Abstract

This study reports the concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in human blood sera samples (n = 650) obtained at autopsy from individuals who died of drug abuse, alcohol toxicity, homicide, suicide and other unknown causes. The analyzed samples from decedents revealed the presence of PAHs of which B(a)P was the most predominant one, followed by benzo(b)fluoranthene and benzo(k)fluoranthene. The other PAHs detected sporadically and measured were benzo(g,h,i)perylene, acenaphthene, anthracene, phenanthrene, and fluoranthene The mean concentrations of PAHs were greater in the twenties to fifties age groups compared to others. The PAH residue levels detected were high in African Americans compared to Caucasians, Asians, and Hispanics. It appears that environmental exposure, dietary intake and in some cases occupational exposure may have contributed to the PAH body burden. While the PAH residue concentrations measured fall within the range of those reported for healthy adults elsewhere, in isolated cases, the concentrations detected were high, calling the need for a reduction in PAH emissions and human biomonitoring studies for purposes of risk assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; benzo(a)pyrene; body burden; autopsy; serum; postmortem polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; benzo(a)pyrene; body burden; autopsy; serum; postmortem
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramesh, A.; Kumar, A.; Aramandla, M.P.; Nyanda, A.M. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Residues in Serum Samples of Autopsied Individuals from Tennessee. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 322-334.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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