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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12716-12725; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212716

Counseling Role of Primary Care Physicians in Preventing Early Childhood Caries in Children with Congenital Heart Disease

1
Faculty of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
2
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Guanghua School of Stomotology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou 510275, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 November 2014 / Revised: 4 December 2014 / Accepted: 4 December 2014 / Published: 9 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Environmental Determinants of Oral Health)
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Abstract

The dental health of preschool children with congenital heart disease (CHD) is usually poor, which may contribute to the development of infective endocarditis (IE). Primary care physicians play an important role in providing access to preventive dental services, particularly for preschool children. The object of this study was to provide epidemiologic evidence for the impact of primary care physicians’ (PCP’s) counseling role on early childhood caries in children with CHD in Guangzhou, China, which might guide future caries prevention to decrease the risk of IE in children with CHD. A hospital-based, case-control study was performed, which contained 100 children with newly diagnosed early childhood caries and 100 matched (sex and age) children without dental caries. All of the subjects were diagnosed with CHD at birth and recruited from Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute from 2012 through 2013. A conditional multivariate logistic-regression model was used to assess the associations between PCPs’ role and early childhood caries with a significance level of 5%. Our findings revealed that mother’s education level (OR = 0.36, CL = 0.14–0.92) and knowledge, being educated on the relationship between CHD and infective endocarditis (OR = 0.48, CL = 0.25–0.94) and the impact of oral health on infective endocarditis (OR = 0.37, CL = 0.18–0.79) by the PCP were associated with early childhood caries. PCPs played an important role in preventing early childhood caries among preschool children with CHD in Guangzhou, China. View Full-Text
Keywords: primary care physician; counseling role; early childhood caries; congenital heart disease primary care physician; counseling role; early childhood caries; congenital heart disease
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Z.; Yu, D.; Zhou, L.; Yang, J.; Lu, J.; Lu, H.; Zhao, W. Counseling Role of Primary Care Physicians in Preventing Early Childhood Caries in Children with Congenital Heart Disease. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12716-12725.

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