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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(7), 6780-6790; doi:10.3390/ijerph110706780

Evaluation of Fast Food Behavior in Pre-School Children and Parents Following a One-Year Intervention with Nutrition Education

1
School of Food Science, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Zhongshan 528458, China
2
School of Public Health, Wannan Medical University, Wuhu 241001, China
3
Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical University, Wuhu 241001, China
4
School of Public Health, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
5
School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK S7N 5E5, Canada
6
Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
7
School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
8
School of Science and Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
9
The Affiliated People's Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot 010110, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 April 2014 / Revised: 12 June 2014 / Accepted: 20 June 2014 / Published: 30 June 2014
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Abstract

A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4–6 years and their parents) were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and children were used to identify and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice in the parents and children. Parents and children were divided into “intervention” and “control” groups based on nutrition education status. Consumption of western style fast food at breakfast in Chinese children and parents is not high. The main reasons for this in children is that consumption of western style fast food is not viewed as “food”, but rather as a “gift” or “interesting”. The time of children’s consumption of western style fast food is mostly likely to be in the weekends. The nutrition education modified the parents’ western style fast food behavior (p < 0.01), although it did not change significantly in children. The healthy nutrition concept should be built up among Chinese, especially in children. Insights from the families provide leads for future research and ideas for the nutrition education. View Full-Text
Keywords: western style fast food; Chinese parents; young children western style fast food; Chinese parents; young children
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, Y.; Huang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, F.; Feng, C.X.; Liu, T.; Li, C.; Lin, D.; Mu, Y.; Tarver, S.L.; Wang, M.; Sun, W. Evaluation of Fast Food Behavior in Pre-School Children and Parents Following a One-Year Intervention with Nutrition Education. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 6780-6790.

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